The Rise of Novels: A Resource Page

William B. Warner, Professor of English, UC/ Santa Barbara
Useful Links Articles Texts Online Bibliography Resources Current Warner Syllabus

Useful Links or Homegrown Resources

General Research Resources (accessible through UCSB Davidson Library proxy server): OED, Historical Dababases; e-journals; etc.

Title pages of 18th and 19th century novels - Wealth of online resources about Jane Austen

Austen Society of North America - "Dedicated to the study and celebration of the classic English author. Find out how to join the Society, or order journals and newsletters."

Stanford Center for the Study of the Novel



Cohn: “Transparent Minds: Narrative Modes for Presenting Consciousness in Fiction”

Tony Tanner, “Secrecy and Sickness: ‘Sense and Sensibility’” (from Jane Austen, Cambridge, Mass: Harvard: 1986, 75-102. This reading "against the grain" offers a broadbased defense of Marianne Dashwood’s passion againt the conduct book lesson that Jane Austen (and Elinor) seem to intend.

Lisa Zunshine, “Why Jane Austen Was Different, and Why We May Need Cognitive Science to See It.” This article (in Style) draws upon recent cognitive psychology to argue that Austen’s plots turn on complex acts of ‘mind reading’ of others; and that it teaches readers to do the same.

Tony Tanner, “Knowledge and Opinion: ‘Pride and Prejudice’”, (from Jane Austen, Cambridge, Mass: Harvard, 1986, 75-102) This essay aruges that what separates Elizabeth and Darcy from the more ordinary characters is their ability to revise first impressions; Tanner notes the shift from a dramatic scenes to letter writing as the novel progresses.  

Deidre Lynch, “Jane Austen and the Social Machine,” (The Economy of Character, Chicago: U of Chicago Press, 1998, 207-239.)
This book chapter offers an ambitious analysis of several of Austen’s novels showing how the business of inner meaning and the heroine’s subjectivity unfolds against, and in tension with, the vast social machinery of Austen’s world—from the murmur of voices to the circulating library to travel beyond the bounds of the country house.

Claudia Johnson, “Not at all what a man should be!”: Remaking English Manhood in Emma,” in Equivocal Beings: Politics, Gender, and Sentimentality in 1790s (Chicago: Univ of Chicago P, 1995), 191-201.

Peter Knox-ShawEmma and the flaws of Sovereignty,” (in Jane Austen and the Enlightenment, Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 2004, 197-219)  This article draws upon the intellectual history of the Enlightenment to link Emma to one of the most important ideas of the 18th century—the concept of sovereignty, the idea of who has the legitimate claim to rule others.

Sir Walter Scott: Quarterley Reivew of Emma (January, 1821) (Project Gutenberg)


18th & 19th Century Texts

William Hogarth: The Harlot's Progress (Wikipedia)

Samuel Richardson: Pamela

Denis Diderot: "Eloge de Richardson" in Journal etranger, Jan. 1762 (WBW selections)

Henry Fielding: Joseph Andrews

Jane Austen ( full text editions with chapter tags and excellent Austen links
Northanger Abbey (1818/1808)(Gutenberg)
Sense and Sensibility (1811) (Gutenberg)
Pride and Prejudice (1813) (
Mansfield Park (1814)( with the Inchbald play Lover's Vows
Emma (1815)(
Persuasion (1818)(
Juvenilia found on this Short Table of Contents (
Sir Walter Scott: Quarterley Reivew of Emma (January, 1821)

Nathaniel Hawthorne: Scarlet Letter



Novel as Print Media Culture: Bibliography 

Fall, 1995 ; updated Spring 2004

Contemporary Criticism, Theory, and History:

Anderson, Benedict. Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origin and Spread of Nationalism (London: Verso, 1991) Revised edition.

Armstrong, Desire and Domestic Fiction. (Oxford: Oxford UP, 1987.)

Armstrong, Nancy and Tennenhouse, Lenny. The Imaginary Puritan: Literature, Intellectual Labor, and the Origins of Personal Life (Berkeley: U of California P, 1992).

Bakhtin, Mikhail M. Selections of The Dialogical Imagination. From Theory of the Novel: A Historical Approach. Ed. By Michael McKeon, Baltimore: Johns Hopkins UP, 321-353.

Ballaster, Ros. Seductive Forms: Women’s Amatory Fiction from 1684 to 1740. (Oxford: Oxford UP, 1992.)

Bender, John. Imagining the Penitentiary (Chicago: U of Chicago P, 1987).

Berlant, Lauren . Introduction to The Anatomy of National Fantasy: Hawthorne, Utopia, and Everyday Life. Chicago: U of Chicago Pr., 1991. 1-17.

Brown, Laura. Ends of Empire: Women and Ideology in Early Eighteenth-Century English Literature. (Ithaca: Cornell UP, 1993).  

Butler, Judith. Bodies That Matter: On the Discursive Limits of “Sex” (New York: Routledge, 1993.)

Campbell, Jill. Natural Masques: Gender and Identity in Fielding’s Plays and Novels. (Stanford: Stanford UP, 1995).

Chartier, Roger. The Order of Books: Readers, Authors, and Libraries in Europe between the Fourteenth and Eighteenth Centuries Trans by Lydia G Cochrane. (Stanford: Stanford UP, 1994.)

Cohen, Margaret and Dever, Carolyn. Ed. The Literary Channel: the Inter-National Invention of the Novel: Princeton: Princeton UP, 2002.

Cohn, Dorrit ."Transparent Minds: Narrative Modes for Presenting Consciousness in Fiction" from McKeon, Theory, 493-515.

Davidson, Cathy. Revolution and the Word: the Rise of the Novel in America. (New York: Oxford UP, 1986.

DeCerteau, Michel. The Practice of Everyday Life Trans. By Steven F. Rendall. (Berkeley: U of California P, 1984. )

Feather, John. A History of British Publishing. (London: Routledge, 1991)

Festa, Lynn ."Sentimental Bonds and Revolutionary Characters: Richardson's Pamela in England and France", The Literary Channel, ed. Margaret Cohen and Carolyn Dever, Princeton: Princeton UP, 2002, 73-105.

Gallagher, Catherine. Nobody’s Story: the Vanishing Acts of Women Writers in the Marketplace 1670-1820. (Berkeley: U of California P, 1994).  

Gardiner, Judith Kegan. “The First English Novel: Aphra Behn’s Love Letters, the Canon, and Women’s Tastes.” Tulsa Studies in Women’s Literature. Volume 8, No 2. Fall 1985, 201-222.

Goulemot, Jean Marie. Forbidden Texts: Erotic Literature and its Readers in Eighteenth Century France. Philadelphia: U of Pennsylvania P, 1994.

Gwilliam, Tassie. Samuel Richardson’s Fictions of Gender.  (Stanford: Stanford UP, 1993.)

Hunter, J. Paul. Before Novels: the Cultural Contexts of Eighteenth Century English Fiction. New York: Norton, 1990.

International Encyclopedia of Communications Oxford University Press: New York, 1989.

Johnson, Claudia. Equivocal Beings: Politics, Gender, and Sentimentality in 1790s. (Chicago: Univ of Chicago Pr, 1995)

Laclau, Ernesto and Mouffe, Chantal. Hegemony & Socialist Strategy: Towards a Radical Democratic Politics. (London: Verso, 1985).

Lynch, Deidre."Introduction" to Janeites: Austen's Disciples and Devotees, Princeton: Princeton UP, 2000. Table of contents, 3-24.

____. The Economy of Character: Novels, Market Culture, and the Business of Inner Meaning.Chicago: U of Chicago Press, 1998

Kernan, Alvin. Samuel Johnson & the Impact of Print. (Princeton: Princeton UP, 1987)

Knox-Shaw, Peter. Jane Austen and the Enlightenment, Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 2004.

Marshall, David. "True Acting and the Language of Real Feeling: Mansfield Park", from Varieties of Aesthetic Experience (forthcoming)

Matthiessen, F. O. Selection from American Renaissance. London: Oxford UP, 1941. 242-282

McLuhan, Marshall. The Gutenberg Galaxy: the Making of Typographical Man. (Toronto: U of Toronto P, 1962). 

Moretti, Franco. "Graphs, Maps, Trees: Abstracts Models for Literary History", New Left Review 24, November-December 2003. 

_____. "The novel, the nation state", in Atlas of the European Novel: 1800-1900. London: Verso, 1998. 10-47.

Paulson, Ronald. Hogarth: the Modern Moral Subject (1697-1732)  (New Brunswick: Rutgers UP).

Rose, Mark. Authors and Owners: the Invention of Copyright. (Cambridge: Harvard UP, 1993.)

Roussel, Roy. The Conversation of the Sexes, “Fanny Hill and the Androgenous Reader.” (New York: Oxford UP, 1986).

Said, Edward. Culture and Imperialism. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1993. i-xxviii; 62-97.

Tanner, Tony. Jane Austen. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard UP, 1986.

Turner, Cheryl. Living by the Pen: Women Writers in the Eighteenth Century. (London: Routledge, 1992).

James Grantham Turner: “Novel Panic: Picture and Performance in the Reception of Richardson’s Pamela” in Representations 48. (Berkeley: U of California P, 1994).

Warner, Michael Letters of the Republic: Publication and the Public Sphere in Eighteenth Century America (Cambridge: Harvard UP, 1990).

Warner, William B. Licensing Entertainment: the Elevation of Novel Reading in Britain, 1684-1750. Berkeley: U of California Pr., 1998.

_____ “Licensing Pleasure” in The Columbia History of the British Novel. Ed. John Richetti. New York: Columbia UP, 1994, 1-22.

Watt, Ian. The Rise of the Novel (Berkeley: U of California P, 1957)

Woodmansee, Martha. “Toward a Genealogy of the Aesthetic: the German Reading Debate of the 1790s.”  Cultural Critique, 11 (Winter 1988-1989). 203-221.



[These notes and questions were developed for students of the rise of the novel in Britain--WBW]

General Paradigms for Interpreting Novels

The Pamela Media Event (1740-1742)

Bakhtin and Joseph Andrews

Jane Austen & Mansfield Park & Persuasion : notes and questions on Cohn, Said, Trilling, Anderson, Lynch, Galeprin



Professor Clifford Siskin, The Rise of the Novel, Undergrad, Columbia U, Spring 2004


Syllabus & Class Schedule--Professor Warner, UCSB, Winter 2008

English 197: Jane Austen and the Rise of Novels


Professor William Warner
Class: Tuesday & Thursday 12:30-1:45  -  South Hall 2617
Office: South Hall 2607A (Chair’s office) Office hours: Friday 3:00-4:00PM, by appointment, and an unofficial time to confer after class on Tuesday (1:45-2:30PM)
Jane Austen Portrait
Jane Austen has long been the most popular novelist in the English language. Since her novels were published in the early nineteenth century, they have never gone out of print. Her novels helped to establish the novel form as the definitive way the 19th century represented social reality so that it could be the locus of both intellectual analysis and narrative enjoyment. To develop this new technology of narrative, Austen drew on novelistic genres she inherited from the 18th century: most notably the gothic novel, the vogue for the sentimental, and the novel of conduct and courtship. By recasting these genres, through the use of a style of telling named “free indirect discourse,” Austen developed a method of narrative that allowed the reader to enter the mind of the main character, without becoming subject to the biases of viewpoint made explicit in the novel of letters or the first person memoir. What resulted is a style of novel writing that manages, through the power of her writing, to be both authoritative and light in its touch. To explore Austen’s innovative novel writing we will read Sense and Sensibility, her recasting of the sentimental novel, and Pride and Prejudice, her rewriting of the story of the “young woman’s entrance into the world,” and Emma, a canny exploration of the pleasures and dangers of plotting the lives of others.

Text books: All these are published by Broadview, are available in the book store, and are the required editions for this class. (Used Broadview copies are available at a reduced rate for the first two texts)
1: Sense and Sensibility. Edited by Kathleen James-Cavan. 2001. 427pp.
2: Pride and Prejudice. Edited by Robert Irvine. 2002. 493pp.
3: Emma. Edited by Kristin Flieger Samuelian. 2004. 453pp.


Jan 8: Introduction to Jane Austen

Sense and Sensibility (1811)
& Narrative
Jan 10: Sense and Sensibility, Volume 1: 7-114
Assignment: Opening question
Selection of presentations by each member of the seminar

Jan 15: Sense and Sensibility, Volume 1: 114-161; & Volume 2: 165-268   
Presentation (2): Dorrit Cohn: “Transparent Minds: Narrative Modes for Presenting Consciousness in Fiction” (about “free indirect discourse”): Dipasquale, King
Presentation: 1st book reviews of Sense and Sensibility

Jan 17: Sense and Sensibility,
Presentation (2): Tony Tanner, “Secrecy and Sickness: ‘Sense and Sensibility’”: Munoz, Chavez

Jan 22: Sense and Sensibility, Volume 3
Presentation (2): Lisa Zunshine, “Why Jane Austen Was Different, and Why We May Need Cognitive Science to See It.” Hallier, Poston

Jan 24: Sense and Sensibility

Jan 29:  Class in the use of ECCO (Eighteenth Century Collection On-line):
An Introduction by the English Literature Subject Librarian, Jane Faulkner
1414C Davidson Library

Jan 31: Sense and Sensibility
Paper due: Possible topic: “The Education or the Disciplining of Maryanne Dashwood?” 3 pages. 

Pride and Prejudice (1813)
& the Conduct of Communication 

Feb 5: Pride and Prejudice Volume 1: 43-160
Assignment: Opening question

Feb 7: Pride and Prejudice, Volume 2: 163-255
Presentation (2): Tony Tanner, “Knowledge and Opinion: ‘Pride and Prejudice’”, Maruyama, Warren

Feb 12: Pride and Prejudice
Group presentations: writing a “screen play” of a scene & doing a “production” [We’ll break up into five groups for this performance/reading of five scenes from the novel that focus on the reading of character.]   

Feb 14: Pride and Prejudice 
Presentation (2): Deidre Lynch, “Jane Austen and the Social Machine,” (The Economy of Character, 207-239.), Gray-blanc, Mcguigan
The topic for your 2nd paper: email to Prof. Warner 

Feb 19: Pride and Prejudice, Volume 3: 259-385

Feb 21: Pride and Prejudice
Appendix B: from Conduct Books: “A Father’s Legacy” (402-412); Appendix C: Burke on the French Revolution (413-418); Appendix D: Mary Wollstonecraft, A Vindication of the Rights of Woman (1792), (419-429). Jacobowitz

Feb 26:
Paper due – a sharing of findings 

Emma (1815)
& the Design of Actor-Networks

Emma, Volume 1: 55-164
Assignment: Opening question

Feb 28: Emma

March 4: Emma, Volume 2: 165-280
Presentation (2): Claudia Johnson, “Not at all what a man should be!”: Remaking English Manhood in Emma, in Equivocal Beings: Politics, Gender, and Sentimentality in 1790s (Chicago: Univ of Chicago P, 1995), 191-201. Baffa

March 6: Emma, Volume 3: 281-405
Presentation (2): Peter Knox-Shaw “Emma and the flaws of Sovereignty,” (in Jane Austen and the Enlightenment, 197-219); Mitchell, McNutt   
Due: a one paragraph overview of your final paper (email to Professor Warner) 

March 11: Emma,
Presentation: Sir Walter Scott’s review of Emma

March 13: Emma,final day/ pizza: presentations of research on Emma

Final Seminar Paper on Emma (no final exam)
Due March 18: by 4:30PM in SH 2607A: 8-10 pages and email in digital form
1) Opening Questions: On the first day we study a novel (January 10, Jan 31st, Feb 28), every member of the seminar is asked to bring one written question with which to start off discussion. While reading your assignment you should be thinking of the issues that interest or puzzle or irritate you...and bring it to our class discussion.

2) A Paper on each novel (3, 4, 10-12 pages):
                  A) 1st Paper on Sense and Sensibility (3 pages) involves discussion of a critical issue (instructor will offer topics from which to choose);
                  B) 2nd Paper on Pride and Prejudice  (4 pages) will make use of on-line databases to delve into 18th century ideas in order to develop a research topic (e.g. “marriage”; “prejudice”; “class rank”) relevant to reading of some aspect or scene of Pride and Prejudice
                  C) 3rd Research Paper on Emma  (8-10 pages plus bibliography): see below.

3) Seminar presentation: Each member of the seminar will do a seminar presentation on a critical essay of value in studying Jane Austen. This will be your chance to “teach” the class. The presentation should be about 6-7 minutes/ you can read it or talk it, but I would like a written form of your presentation.

4) Final seminar paper: Due by March 18, 2008. (8-10 pages) This paper, on Emma should incorporate two kinds of research: a) the reading and synthesizing of existing criticism on the topic you have chosen to write about; b) use of some historically appropriate sources by using writings contemporary with Jane Austen (i.e. use ECCO and the library to draw on 18th century and early 19th century writing germane to your topic.) Please be ready to offer a brief overview of your final paper topic on the last day of class.

Ground rules for a good seminar:
A well functioning class is a collaborative endeavor. For this reason I ask you to respect these ground rules:

  1. Attendance is required. Please arrive on time for a full class (arriving late or leaving early—for example after the lunch break—will be counted as an absence). For each unexcused absence (after one), your grade will be lowered by one third of a grade (e.g. from A+ to A to A-).
  2. Reading assignments are an indispensable part of seminar work; the care and quality of your reading will determine the quality of both our discussions and your papers.
  3. Format: Please print your papers on 8 ½ X 11” paper, with 1” margins in (12 point) font. Final term paper should have a works cited list (using MLA bibliography format).
  4. Breakdown of grade: class participation (including starter questions and group presentations): 33%; 2 shorter papers and your formal class presentation 33%; final paper 33%.
  5. I would like to get to know you. Feel free to come by my office hours (Friday, 3:00-4:00 PM) or by appointment. I can also meet you in the 30 minutes directly after class (where I’ve cleared up time for conferences). I would be happy to advise you on your papers.

Useful links:
The UCSB English Department website:
The Transcriptions Project website:
The Rise of Novels resource page (by Professor Warner): - Wealth of online resources about Jane Austen
Austen Society of North America - "Dedicated to the study and celebration of the classic English author. Find out how to join the Society, or order journals and newsletters."


UCSB English Transcriptions Resource Page Professor Warner Faculty Page